Need 100,000 more hectares of industrial land
According to the draft report on national land use planning for the period 2021-2030, with a vision to 2050 of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, with the goal of raising the industrial proportion in GDP by 2030 to over 40%, it is projected According to the national newspaper, about 200,000-220,000 ha of industrial park land (including industrial park land in economic zones) should be allocated, mainly concentrated in key economic zones.
According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, by the end of June 2021, the whole country has a total of 394 industrial parks with a total of 80,900 hectares of land formed out of a total of 562 industrial parks with a total land area. 121,900 ha under the planning of industrial parks across the country. Thus, in the next 10 years, Vietnam will need about 80,000-100,000 hectares of new industrial park land.
According to Ms. Huynh Buu Tran, CEO of Vietnam Industrial Park Group Joint Stock Company, this is an extremely large number in the context of increasingly scarce land today, especially land located in connected areas. convenient transportation and infrastructure. Therefore, new planning orientations need to focus on studying the needs of investors in order to have a suitable and effective plan to attract FDI.
“For example, in the North, Bac Ninh province, despite attracting FDI and developing industrial zones well, but land is very scarce. In order to prepare more land for industrial zones, this locality is forced to take up arable land, which costs a lot of time and money. Meanwhile, Bac Giang has an advantage due to the large land fund, even though the distance to the center is farther than Bac Ninh. In the South, for example, in Tay Ninh, although there are many industrial parks planned, the demand of foreign investors in this locality is not much, so the potential for industrial development has not been fully exploited," Tran stated. quote.
From another perspective, Ms. Vu Thi Thu Hang, Sales Director of TNI Holdings Vietnam Development Investment Joint Stock Company, assessed that, currently, in the context of reorganizing and re-regulating the global supply chain, Vietnam is considered a destination. For safe and effective investment, it is extremely important to ensure that the land fund of the industrial park is ahead of the curve.
Ms. Hang said, from the beginning of 2021 to now, Vietnam has approved 35 industrial park projects in many localities across the country and to ensure enough industrial park land to serve the increased demand in the coming time. New projects need to be planned according to a specific and methodical roadmap for each locality, avoiding massive development and following trends.
Regarding the overall planning story, according to Ms. Hang, it is necessary to first set a goal to improve the occupancy rate of industrial parks and industrial clusters that have been in operation, followed by solutions to improve infrastructure conditions. transportation connecting the region with industrial parks, industrial development combined with sustainable urban development...
“Besides, it is necessary to have criteria for selecting an experienced and capable infrastructure investor to ensure construction progress and quality, avoid prolonged delays, and waste land resources; improve the investment environment and investment institutions and policies through amending and improving outdated laws, creating favorable conditions for investors to participate in the most effective way, "said Ms. Hang.
The "oil slick" strategy
Economic expert Nguyen Tri Hieu assessed that the trend of shifting production from outside to Vietnam will help the industrial real estate sector to make a strong breakthrough in the coming time, so a methodical planning policy is needed in Vietnam. many cities and regions. In which, it is necessary to ensure stimulus policies and planning in accordance with reality and high feasibility; planned industrial parks must be large enough to meet the production needs of large investors.
According to Mr. Hieu, in the context that the Covid-19 epidemic has not been completely controlled, future industrial parks need to ensure the criteria for living with the epidemic, that is, while ensuring accommodation for workers. while ensuring production and business safety and the best solution is to develop industrial parks in parallel with satellite urban areas with social and traffic infrastructure facilities.
“Particularly with the story of planning industrial zones, policy makers should consider the strategy of 'oil slick', starting from centers within a radius of 50-100 km, then gradually expanding. For example, with Hanoi, the provinces of Vinh Phuc, Bac Ninh, Bac Giang, Phu Tho... will be effective buffer zones for industrial park development," suggested Mr. Hieu.
According to Ms. Huynh Buu Tran, in terms of strategy, all urban planning, infrastructure, industrial zones and clusters need to be synchronized and have a reasonable implementation roadmap, together with resettlement plans for the people. people, along with that is promoting the application of modern technology in management and operation (at the state level) with specific and clear instructions, focusing on environmental factors and sustainable development.
Also commenting on the approach to planning industrial parks in the coming time, Ms. Vu Thi Thu Hang acknowledged that it is time to re-plan the system of industrial parks nationwide on the basis of promoting the comparative advantages of each country. local authorities to choose the appropriate industrial park development model and investment structure and industry structure. Accordingly, the State needs to strictly control the establishment and expansion of industrial parks in accordance with the planning, have a method of choosing infrastructure investors with experience and financial potential to implement infrastructure projects. effective.
“Vietnam should not spread the development of industrial parks in all localities, especially in regions with limited infrastructure, lack of supporting industries and service systems, especially lack of quality human resources. Instead, it is necessary to focus on improving the quality of transport infrastructure and industrial park services in key markets, thereby gradually developing into satellite markets, "said Ms. Hang.
(Translated by Google)