By the end of 2020, the whole country has 381 industrial parks and export processing zones (collectively referred to as industrial parks) established with a total planning area of 114,000 hectares, of which the area has been allocated land and put into use. using 90,800 ha, accounting for 2.31% of non-agricultural land, an increase of 18,800 ha compared to 2010.
Average occupancy rate 75%
According to the draft National Land Use Planning Report for the period 2021-2030, with a vision to 2050, nationwide, industrial park land is divided into 6 regions.
Specifically, the Northern Midlands and Mountains region has established 30 industrial parks with an area of 7,000 ha, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 5,200 ha, an increase of 2,720 ha compared to 2010.
The Red River Delta region has established 94 industrial parks with an area of 26,000 hectares, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 19,950 hectares, an increase of 4,920 hectares compared to 2010.
The North Central and Central Coast regions have established 68 industrial parks with an area of 22,000 ha, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 17,100 ha, an increase of 7,240 ha compared to 2010.
The Central Highlands region has established 10 industrial parks with an area of 2,000 hectares, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 1,550 hectares, an increase of 290 hectares compared to 2010.
The Southeast region has established 119 industrial parks with an area of 44,000 hectares, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 34,240 hectares, an increase of 50 hectares compared to 2010.
The Mekong Delta region has established 60 industrial zones with an area of 13,000 hectares, of which the area that has been allocated and put into use is 12,760 hectares, an increase of 3,580 hectares compared to 2010.
However, at present, only 331 industrial parks and export processing zones have been put into operation, accounting for nearly 87% of the established zones.
The average occupancy rate for industrial parks that have been put into operation is about 75%, especially Linh Trung III export processing zone (Tay Ninh province) and Linh Trung II export processing zone, Linh Trung export processing zone (HCMC). ) have a occupancy rate of 100%, Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone has a occupancy rate of 81%.
Over the years, industrial parks and export processing zones have attracted 9,381 foreign investment (FDI) projects, with a total investment capital of 191.6 billion USD; realized investment capital reached about 60%.
Attracted 9,331 domestic investment projects (DDI), with a total investment capital of 2,061 million billion VND; implemented capital reached about 42%.
Total revenue reached about 235 billion USD, an increase of more than 8% compared to 2018; export turnover reached about 142 billion USD, contributing nearly 59% of the total export turnover of the country, up about 11% compared to 2018; paid nearly VND 130,000 billion to the state budget, up 8% over the same period in 2018; create jobs for nearly 3.85 million direct workers.
There's still an abandoned land
The development of industrial zones in recent years still has shortcomings and shortcomings. Specifically, the average investment attraction rate of an investment project in an industrial park is US$4.61 million per hectare of leased industrial land. Although this rate has increased over time, it is still relatively low.
The occupancy rate in many industrial zones is still low, leading to the state of abandoned land and waste of resources.
In addition, the development of industrial zones has formed a strong labor movement from rural areas to urban areas and from the North and Central to the South (where there are many industrial zones).
Up to 70% of workers in industrial zones are migrant workers and 60% are female workers working in industrial zones. Therefore, the demand for housing of workers is very large and urgent.
In industrial parks, only about 30% of workers have stable accommodation, the rest have to arrange and rent accommodation scatteredly with temporary, extremely difficult living conditions, lack of living conditions. at least… since then many social evils have arisen.
The rapid development of industrial zones in recent years has put great pressure on the environment. The amount of waste and environmental pollutants is also increasing, harming people's health, adversely affecting the country's sustainable growth.
By 2030, there will be 177 more industrial parks
In the coming years, Vietnam plans to promote the development of a number of fundamental industries, such as energy industry, mechanical engineering, metallurgy, chemicals, fertilizers, and materials.
Developing spearhead industries, such as; electronics, artificial intelligence, robot manufacturing, automobiles, supporting industries for the auto industry, biotechnology, biomedical electronics, software production, digital products, clean energy, renewable energy.
To develop large-scale industrial production in coastal economic zones, with emphasis on heavy industry production, deep processing, formation of value chains, quality assurance, and regulations on traceability. source...
The goal is that by 2030, Vietnam will raise the proportion of industry in GDP to over 40%; The added value of the processing and manufacturing industry per capita is over $2,000.
Tỷ trọng công nghiệp chế biến, chế tạo trong GDP đạt trên 25%; giải quyết việc làm cho 5 - 6 triệu lao động trực tiếp vào năm 2025 và 7-8 triệu lao động vào năm 2030.
Do đó, trong 10 năm tới quy hoạch diện tích đất khu công nghiệp dự kiến tăng thêm 115.000ha, đạt 205.800ha. Diện tích đất khu công nghiệp tăng lấy từ đất trồng lúa 46.070ha, đất trồng cây hàng năm, lâu năm 64.360ha... với 558 khu công nghiệp, tăng thêm 177 khu công nghiệp so với năm 2020.
Industrial zone land planned to 2030 will be distributed by regions as follows:
The Northern Midlands and Mountains region 15,170ha (58 industrial zones), an increase of 9,970ha compared to 2020.
The Red River Delta region is 52,210ha (142 industrial zones), an increase of 32,260ha compared to 2020.
North Central Region and Central Coast: 47,930ha (111 industrial zones), an increase of 30,830ha compared to 2020.
The Central Highlands region 3,730ha (17 industrial zones), an increase of 2,180ha compared to 2020.
The Southeast region is 59,010ha (127 industrial zones), an increase of 24,770ha compared to 2020.
The Mekong Delta region 27,740ha (103 industrial zones), an increase of 14,980ha compared to 2020.
The planning and arrangement of the land fund of industrial zones of the country as above is to take into account the long-term, to avoid costly expenses in compensation, ground clearance and resettlement arrangement.
After being decided by the National Assembly, in the process of implementation, the Government will actively regulate and allocate targets to localities with conditions and criteria, giving priority to allowing localities to expand industrial parks. when the occupancy rate is over 60%.
For localities where industrial parks have been developed, the adjustment, supplementation, establishment, and expansion of industrial parks shall only be carried out when the total industrial land area of existing industrial parks has been leased out. at least 60% and have completed the construction of a centralized wastewater treatment plant…