According to this resolution, by 2025, agricultural land will decrease by 251,000 hectares, rice land by 348 hectares, non-agricultural land will increase by 965 thousand hectares, industrial park land will increase by 120.1 thousand hectares.
Avoid legalizing industrial park land
Report explaining before the delegate pressed the button, related to industrial park land, Chairman of Economic Committee Vu Hong Thanh said, there are opinions that planning industrial park land quotas to 2030 is very high (increasing 120.1 thousand hectares compared to 2020) while in the period 2011-2020, the rate of implementation of this target is only over 47%.
The increase in this indicator is necessary, but it needs to be carefully calculated, with strict regulations so as not to abuse the planning and waste land, Mr. Thanh reflected the delegates' opinion.
According to the National Assembly Standing Committee, in recent years and it is forecasted that in the period of economic recovery and development in the coming time, the flow of investment capital into Vietnam tends to increase, the transportation infrastructure system is expected to increase. communication is completed. On the other hand, the 10-year socio-economic development strategy for 2021-2030 has set the goal of turning our country into a developing country with modern industry, the proportion of the industrial sector reaching over 40% of GDP by 2030. .
According to the Government's report, this indicator has been scientifically calculated, determining the land area of industrial zones to be 210.93 thousand hectares by 2030, an increase of 120.10 thousand hectares compared to 2020, concentrated in the key economic zones, coastal economic axes, associated with transport infrastructure.
In order to improve the feasibility and efficiency of implementation, the National Assembly Standing Committee proposed that the Government associate the industrial park development planning with the urban development planning, commercial service network, population distribution, housing and social, cultural, educational, and sports facilities to serve workers in industrial parks, creating favorable conditions for workers in daily life and production.
At the same time, it is suggested that the Government pay attention to have a specific plan to allocate land in industrial zones, to avoid the phenomenon of legalizing investors' projects.
Allows flexible conversion of 300 thousand hectares of rice land
Regarding rice land, Chairman Vu Hong Thanh reported, there were suggestions to keep only 3.2 million hectares. Some opinions suggest reviewing and limiting the use of land for rice cultivation, especially land specializing in wet rice cultivation in potential rice growing areas to non-agricultural land, industrial park land and allowing flexible conversion. activating the structure of crops and livestock on rice land, but without changing the soil's physical and chemical properties to improve economic efficiency, but still ensuring the conditions to be able to switch back to rice cultivation; clearly define principles and criteria for converting rice land.
As explained by the National Assembly Standing Committee, the rice land planning is calculated on the basis of ensuring the national food demand in the planning period, and at the same time adheres to Conclusion No. 7/2020 of the Politburo on ensuring national food security to 2030; basically closely follow the regional economic development orientations in the 10-year socio-economic development strategy 2021-2030, in line with the land potential of each region and locality in the development of rice land.
Regarding the conversion of rice land, in fact, in some places, the use of rice land for other crops or aquaculture is taking place and showing greater economic efficiency. The National Assembly has promulgated the Law on Cultivation, the Government has issued legal documents to strictly manage and stipulate conditions for flexibly converting rice land.
Collecting opinions of the National Assembly deputies, in order to improve the efficiency of land use, the draft Resolution stipulates that the structure of crops and livestock can be flexibly changed, up to 300 thousand hectares of rice land, but does not change change the nature and conditions of rice land use, it is possible to convert back to rice cultivation when necessary. At the same time, it is also clear to limit the conversion of rice land, especially land specialized in wet rice cultivation, to non-agricultural land, especially industrial zone land.
Publicity and transparency of land use master plans and plans
In the resolution, the National Assembly requires publicity and transparency of land use master plans and plans in accordance with law in forms suitable to each target group.
The resolution also clearly states, strengthen discipline and discipline in the implementation of master plans and plans on land use, step up inspection, inspection, supervision and handling of waste of allocated land and land. leased but slow to put into use; strictly handle acts that cause pollution, land destruction and land degradation.
Regarding policies, institutions, the requirement in the resolution is to amend the Land Law and relevant laws (including the policy on finance and land) to ensure uniformity in order to improve management efficiency, land use. Completing the policy of regulating land revenues in order to balance and rationally distribute resources to create equal development resources among regions; harmonize the interests of the parties in the process of land conversion according to the planning, especially to ensure that the people whose land has been recovered have a better life and livelihood, and care about social welfare for people who are not yet of working age. , no longer of working age and policy beneficiaries, disadvantaged in society.
The National Assembly also requested to study and complete regulations on land acquisition and site clearance to create space for the development of socio-economic infrastructure systems, and to create land funds in the vicinity of infrastructure projects. engineering, construction and embellishment of urban areas and rural residential areas to auction land use rights, increase revenue from land.
(Translated by Google)