How will the land use plan change in the next 10 years?

Oct 18, 2021

Don't let reality be far from the record

The National Land Use Plan for the 2021 - 2030 period, with a vision to 2050 and the Five-Year Land Use Plan for 2021 - 2025 are important contents on the agenda of the Second Session of the XV National Assembly. (opening in the morning of October 20).

In the context of the urgent need to amend the Land Law, extremely important resources such as land are still being wasted, new planning is required to innovate in thinking, approaches, methods and standards. even… compared to previous planning periods.

This, according to Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha, is already there. Input data is diverse and multidimensional, the forecasting of land use indicators is calculated by econometric methods, land use norms, ensuring the land fund meets the objectives of the development strategy. socio-economic development, the needs of the market and people; applying many technologies such as remote sensing to control, check data, analyze spatial factors using GIS technology…”, Minister Tran Hong Ha reported to the National Assembly Standing Committee at the meeting last week.

But, more than once in his speech at that session, National Assembly Chairman Vuong Dinh Hue paid special attention to the review of data. The Chairman of the National Assembly shared that the People's Committee of Ca Mau province sent a document saying that the data between the records and the current state of land management is very different, hundreds of thousands of hectares of land used to be protected forest land have actually been converted to forestland. to production land, land for aquaculture, aquaculture, land for rice cultivation, land for headquarters, offices, etc., but on the map it is still recorded as protective forest land.

Since many data do not match, the National Assembly Chairman suggested that the Government direct the review of the data for standards and in the future, should boldly apply modern technology to manage and track land data.

The National Assembly Chairman also repeatedly emphasized that the management and use of land is one of the focus of supreme supervision of the National Assembly in 2022 in practicing thrift, fighting waste, and not letting resources go to waste. this is particularly important.

Also mentioning the example in Ca Mau, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly said that the Secretary of the Ca Mau Provincial Party Committee was very upset, reflecting that he had sent many requests to functional ministries about forest land. was no longer a forest land. "Besides Ca Mau, there are other provinces with a similar situation, which needs to be assessed closely," he suggested.

Flexibility to make rice land generate more money

According to the Government's report, the country's target of rice-growing land by 2030 is 3,568,480 ha, a decrease of 348,770 ha compared to 2020 (of which, land for specialized wet rice cultivation is 3,001,430 ha, a decrease of 174,770 ha. ha). The verifying agency (Economic Committee of the National Assembly) commented that this indicator has met the requirement of planning to stabilize 3.5 million hectares of rice land to ensure food security for 104 million people. according to population projections by 2030.

Notably, the Government proposed that, out of 3,568 million hectares of rice land, it is possible to allow flexible crop restructuring planning with an area of ‚Äč‚Äčabout 300,000 hectares, but protected and not changed. change the characteristics, suitable conditions so that when necessary, rice can be grown again.

The Economic Commission argues that, in some places, the use of rice land for other crops or aquaculture is in fact ongoing and could be more economically viable. However, rice-growing land is a special type of land, with its own characteristics in terms of physical and chemical composition, along with a huge investment in irrigation system, for a long time. Therefore, the conversion of rice-growing land to use for other agricultural purposes must be accompanied by conditions that do not destroy the most basic characteristics of rice land (cultivation layer, irrigation system, no contamination). salinity, alum, pollution, soil degradation).

Note from the verification agency that, once rice land is used for non-agricultural purposes or other agricultural land, it is not easy to convert it back to rice land. Therefore, this time, the National Land Use Plan needs to have a clear orientation on the allocation of land for rice cultivation, strictly comply with the policy of the Politburo and the Central Committee on the strict protection of land. specializes in growing rice from 2 crops or more.

Expressing strong support for the Government's proposal, Mr. Nguyen Phu Cuong, Chairman of the Finance and Budget Committee, discussed with the Chairman of the Economic Committee that rice land is mainly located in the Mekong Delta. Cuu Long, 1 ha for an income of 50 - 70 million VND/year, the highest is 100 million VND/year. But if people are allowed to switch to other crops, their income can increase many times.

“People dig a few ditches, then fill up the soil to plant oranges, grapefruits, tangerines, plant other fruit trees, a year's harvest can reach 500-700 million dong, even 800-900 million dong. After that, if you want to re-plant rice, then cut down the trees and then level the ground to continue growing rice, flexibly changing like that", Mr. Cuong analyzed.

"Our farmers are poor, but they keep planting rice to harvest 50-70 million dong a year, it's like having to subsidize the whole world for rice," Mr. Cuong stated and reiterated, he strongly supports households convert flexibly as proposed by the Government. However, he also agreed with the verification agency that it could not be converted to an industrial park, because when doing infrastructure, scooping up alluvial soil and mud, pouring sand and leveling soil into it, it is impossible to turn back. back to farmland.

If you want to catch the "eagle", you must have a large nest

In the coming years, a very high increase in industrial park land is a problem that makes the Economic Committee of the National Assembly still wonder about its feasibility. Because in the period 2011 - 2020, the target of industrial park land is very low (more than 47.45%), the average occupancy rate for industrial parks that have been put into operation is only 75%. But the period 2021 - 2030 sets a very high target (by 2030 it will be 210,930 ha, an increase of 120,100 ha compared to 2020).

Suggesting to analyze and clarify the basis for setting the indicator and the feasibility of this indicator, the verifying agency also noted that in the context of the coming period, before the complicated development of the Covid-19 epidemic, it may be possible to affect the attraction of investment in Vietnam.

Emphasizing not only the land of the industrial zone, but also the industrial cluster is very important, the National Assembly Chairman said, if an urban area is built, the economic benefits at that time are the collection of land use levy, the value of construction of urban areas is included in GRDP..., but after that, it does not promote anything, mainly because of pressure on socio-economic infrastructure. As for the infrastructure for industrial parks, industrial clusters, economic zones, and export processing zones, at least 50-70 years of the project life cycle, jobs, income, taxes, and growth are all located here.

It is required that in the coming time, it is necessary to pay more attention to this issue, on the one hand, to fill the old industrial zones, on the other hand, to have a mechanism to attract businesses to new zones, but President Vuong Dinh Hue also raised a problem. Due to the fact that the old area has not been filled up according to the regulations, it is not allowed to open a new one, but the need to open a new one is very urgent, and the old places are no longer suitable. Because, there are potential investors, they have great investment needs.

"In the South it is called 'If you want big fish, you have to have a deep pond', in the North it is called 'If you want an eagle, you must have a big nest'", commented the National Assembly Chairman. He also said that, coming here, when considering the Law amending a number of laws on investment and business, it is necessary to pay attention to the central - local decentralization in deciding the scale and scope of land use for the " eagle", avoiding the situation of decentralization and then causing difficulties for investors or pushing all responsibility to the locality.

According to the program of the second session, the National Land Use Plan for the period of 2021 - 2030, with a vision to 2050 and a 5-year Land Use Plan (2021 - 2025) will be submitted to the National Assembly on January 21. ten. The resolution on this issue was passed on the last day of the session (November 13).

Expanding industrial parks to welcome the wave of investment shift

Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Tran Quoc Phuong said that, in the period of 2021 - 2030, according to experts and industrial real estate consulting companies, the development and attraction of investment in residential areas will not be affected. Vietnam's industry has many advantages from the positive impact of free trade agreements, an open business and investment environment, and an increasingly complete technical infrastructure (a number of infrastructure projects). important techniques are invested and put into use in the period of 2021 - 2030). At the same time, as reflected by localities, it is necessary to increase new investment and expand industrial parks in the period of 2021 - 2030 to be able to catch the wave of investment shift.

In order to meet the needs of attracting investment, have room to limit the increase in land rental prices, and ensure the inheritance of the planning, Deputy Minister Tran Quoc Phuong proposed to consider the land use quota of the industrial park. The minimum area for the planning period 2021 - 2030 is 211,000 ha.

Source: Dau tu newspaper