Developing a model of an industrial park combined with a service city

Sep 23, 2021

By the end of May 2021, the whole country has 394 IPs established (including 351 IPs located outside EZs, 35 IZs located in coastal EZs and 8 IZs located in border gate EZs) with a total land area. natural area reached about 121.9 thousand hectares.

In which, there are 286 industrial zones in operation with a total natural land area of ​​about 86 thousand hectares, industrial land area of ​​about 57.3 thousand hectares; and 108 industrial zones are in the process of basic construction with a total natural land area of ​​about 35.9 thousand hectares, industrial land area of ​​about 23.6 thousand hectares.

According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the formation of industrial zones and economic zones has had spillover effects on other areas of the economy, contributing to promoting economic restructuring; accelerate the process of industrialization and modernization of the country; strongly develop the industry, contributing to bringing Vietnam step by step to join the global production value chain...

The development of the model of industrial zones and economic zones also actively contributes to perfecting institutions, improving the business investment environment, and encouraging the renewal of administrative procedures.

However, there are still some shortcomings and limitations in the development of industrial zones and economic zones in recent times. That is the development planning of industrial zones and economic zones, which has not clearly shown the strategic and overall vision; In some places, the planning and development of IZs and EZs is not close to the needs of development and the ability to attract investment, is not sustainable and balanced in terms of economy, society and environment.

Experts also said that the planning of industrial zones in the past time has not ensured access, landscape, ecosystem, social infrastructure to ensure rational use of resources and protect the environment to ensure the attraction of investment. investment, harmonious and sustainable economic development…

Therefore, "Vietnam needs to develop special preferential policies to ensure effective attraction of investment in industrial park development, economic development must go hand in hand with socio-political stability and protection of industrial zones." environment. For a number of industrial park models, which are developing trends and encouraged by the State, such as ecological industrial zones, urban service industrial zones, etc., there is a need for cohesion and mutual support. In particular, experts, workers, and service users in the IP must benefit from the service cities associated with the IP…”, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen Dinh Tho, Director of the Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment, said.

Currently, the Ministry of Planning and Investment is collecting opinions on adjusting Decree 82/2018/ND-CP on regulations on management of industrial zones and economic zones. In particular, many people think that the draft Decree should provide specific criteria on conditions and types in industrial zones to determine for small and medium enterprises, supporting industry enterprises, and change enterprises. innovative new; implementation time from planning or stage affecting the business and sales strategy of the investor...

Regarding new types of industrial zones, experts propose to continue to review and supplement policies and legal documents to ensure synchronous integration of industrial zone development planning with urban area development in a comprehensive plan. unity among national plans associated with local economic development.

At the same time, review, complete and supplement legal regulations on investment and construction of industrial zones suitable for each type of production and each period; develop and complete criteria and standards on the scale and structure of land use and technical infrastructure in the industrial park...

Source: Bao Xay dung

(Translated by Google)